What are the causes of tennis elbow?

When pathology is given a specific name, it is because a specific gesture causes it or is easily identifiable. This is the case of the causes of tennis elbow, a pathology associated with the backhand blow that is executed in this sport.

Next, we will learn a little more about this injury and the damaging mechanisms. In this way, you can pay attention to those habits that help you reduce the risk of suffering from it.

What is tennis elbow?

Tennis elbow, also known as “lateral epicondylitis,” is an injury to the tendons that connect the forearm muscles to the outside of the elbow. Precisely in this outer part of the elbow is the external epicondyle, a place of insertion of the forearm’s main muscles. Therefore, it is an area prone to injury if we use these muscles a lot.

In essence, and despite having another name, we are facing tendinitis. Due to the injury mechanism, the muscles or ligaments in the area may also be affected. This will largely depend on the extent of the injury.

Causes of tennis elbow

Basically, the cause can be simplified as overuse. As with another tendonitis, the tendon, which is the structure that attaches muscle to bone, suffers when too much work is put on it. Therefore, when the muscle pulls several times or with force greater than what the tendon can withstand, it suffers.

Thus, within the causes of tennis elbow, by far the main one is overuse. And in what situations is the muscles that cause external epicondylitis used excessively? You will know it by the name … mainly in racquet sports.

The muscles attached to the lateral epicondyle allow us to extend the elbow, wrist, and fingers. Therefore, we are strongly contracting these muscles whenever we do a backhand stroke, tennis, paddle tennis, or any similar sport. If we only dedicate ourselves to this sport, we will always demand the maximum from you. And if this goes on for a long time, it can cause injuries like this.

However, not only athletes can suffer from an overuse of these muscles. Professionals such as carpenters or even painters can develop it due to today’s repetitive movements. Therefore, we can say that the cause within the cause is the activity that is carried out.

Minor causes

At a great distance from the main trigger, we have age in the first place. As we age, tissues generally weaken. In this state, fewer contractions, or even less intense contractions, can cause injury. Therefore, we can say that the older you are, the easier it will be to suffer from this pathology.

Second, we have those of unknown origin, also called “insidious. ” In this case, the patient does not practice any of the sports mentioned above, nor is he relatively older. Therefore, it falls into this category for which an explanation is still being sought.

Keep in mind that even gestures such as cutting a lot of food in the kitchen or using the computer mouse can lead to tendonitis like this. Therefore, we may not realize it, but we use the computer much more than normal for a week or visited during the holidays. We use kitchen utensils more … it really is a vast spectrum, as the literature explains the subject’s academic.

As always, it is best to prevent

As a final reflection, we can highlight the classic phrase “prevention is better than cure. ” In this case, it is necessary to highlight the following two points, which are vital to take into account to prevent the tendons from suffering more and that you have to put sport aside:

  • Try to have strong muscles. According to a study published by the Medical Journal of the Faculty of Medicine, training the muscles with any physical activity will make all tissues better resist an increase in tension when the time comes.
  • Don’t always make the same gesture. On the one hand, if you play sports, try adding sessions of other activities in between. That is, do not play solely and exclusively tennis 5 days a week. Go for a run, go to the gym, nothing … make sure they don’t always work the same structures.

Ultimately, if you have a job that forces you to perform this gesture, find other ways to do it. For example, learn to use the other hand or the other arm or change the gesture’s angle. If you can, rotate your tasks with your classmates. In short, it is about looking for other ways of working so as not always to make the same gesture.

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