Although it may make us think about the back, sports hernias have nothing to do with this body part. Instead, they are related to the groin area, and the causes of sports hernias are relatively clear.
Next, we will see what those causes are. Also, we will inform ourselves a little about what this injury means and what we can do to prevent its appearance.
What is this injury?
A sports hernia is an injury to the groin area. The patient will notice chronic pain in this area, often in both groins, and the pain may extend into the pubic or genital area.
Also, it is a pain that will be accentuated when the patient practices sports, sneezes, or coughs. In short, any physical effort that forces the area to work may cause discomfort.
This is because an injury causes this pathology to the soft tissues in the area. Therefore, muscles, tendons, or ligaments may be affected. Just the tissues we use to move or stabilize the area when the muscles contract and the body moves.
Causes of sports hernia
Given the description of the pathology, it will be easy for us to identify its main causes. As the academic literature on the subject indicates, the main one is to practice an excess of sport that stresses the structures.
If we force the body to bear a great exercise load, some structures will likely suffer. In this case, the leg’s adductor muscles – which bring the leg closer to the body – are also susceptible to injury and, therefore, so are its tendons, which connect the muscle to the bone and the ligaments.
As an additional note, the sports that most frequently cause this pathology are those in which the athlete has to do repetitive turning movements. These include soccer, hockey, or tennis, among others.
In addition to repetitive loading, sports hernias can also be caused by a sudden increase in sports intensity. It is harmful to repeat the same movements thousands of times, but it is also harmful to make the gesture 10 times a day to 1000 without going through 100, 200, or 500. It is vital to progressively increase the sport’s load so that the tissues become stronger and accustomed.
Finally, the cause of it being a chronic pathology is not receiving treatment and not resting properly. Sports hernias are chronic pathologies, and this is because the person notices discomfort but does not pay much attention and continues doing the same sport, aggravating the injury. In the end, it becomes something more difficult to deal with, and that lasts over time.
Extra information about sports hernia and their causes
In addition to what has been commented previously, the following details about this injury must be taken into account:
- It is difficult to diagnose because groin pain can have several origins. Therefore, if you have continued discomfort in the area, you should see a doctor perform the corresponding diagnostic tests. If it’s a muscle or tendon problem, you may need to see a physical therapist.
- The causes of hernias are not known for sure. The mentioned causes refer to the habits that logically can damage these structures. However, it is not entirely clear why it will affect certain people and not others from a medical perspective. Also, groin injuries are quite common among athletes, but whether this specifically appears remains a mystery.
- As we have said, it is a pathology that can have a long duration. Hence, it is always considered to be chronic pain. Therefore, you must arm yourself with patience and heal completely before returning to sports.
A convoluted injury
From all the above, it is clear that we are facing an injury with certain peculiarities. Complicated to diagnose, it can be extended in time if it is not treated correctly and with a variable origin, according to an article published by the Journal of the Argentine Association of Sports Traumatology.
To avoid suffering an injury like this, the best thing you can do is graduate your training sessions well. This involves increasing the intensity and duration with your head and, if you have discomfort that lasts more than a day or two, getting tested. Otherwise, you are risking the body to continue to suffer and worsen the injury—an injury whose treatment will depend on the exact structure that has been affected.