Health

What is anorexia and how does it affect health?

Anorexia is an eating disorder (ED) that mixes anorexia with sadomasochism, the taste for pain and physical abuse. This combination is hazardous since it is very likely that people suffering from the pathology will self-flagellate or carry out extreme purgative behaviors.

It must consider that eating disorders are diseases with a mental component that require multidisciplinary treatment. They are more common in adolescents and can appear suddenly after a traumatic event. Once developed, they usually leave sequelae for life.

Anorexia, a bad relationship with food

People with anorexia often have a bad relationship with food. Their dietary behaviors are restrictive. They quickly reach a low weight that puts their health at risk, as stated in a study published in Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets.

This class of pathologies occurs with the elimination of certain food groups from the diet and a reduction in the volumes of food consumed. The main objective of all this is to prevent weight gain or reduce adipose tissue in the body.

There is no doubt that obesity negatively affects health, but extreme thinness can also put the human body at risk since it leads to a deficit of nutrients.

Specifically, in malnourished people, low levels of vitamin D stand out, which is related to an increased risk of developing pathologies, according to a study published in the Annual Review of Medicine.

The dangers of anorexia

The fact that dietary restriction is combin with a taste for pain makes anorexia a hazardous disorder. People who suffer from this condition do not hesitate to self-induce vomiting until they cause damage, which is detrimental to health and the esophageal epithelium.

In fact, frequent vomiting increases your risk of digestive tract cancer. All this without forgetting that the risk of malnutrition is always present, which can endanger the individual’s life.

People who develop anorexia tend to have low self-esteem, which conditions their perception of the environment and their personal relationships. Also, pressure from the media and social media may exacerbate the disorder.

On the other hand, the canons of beauty can generate an attempt to modify the body image that, when it is not carried out, causes serious eating disorders.

Symptoms of eating disorders

The best treatment for eating disorders is early diagnosis. In this way, the situation can redirect and the risk of lifelong sequelae remaining. The most frequent symptoms of this class of diseases are the following:

  • An obsession with having a lower weight.
  • Distorted body image.
  • Amenorrhea
  • Low food consumption.
  • Alteration of sexual desire.
  • Poor physical health and feeling tired.
  • Dry skin and hair loss.
  • Significant decrease in body weight.

Also, people who develop these disorders are characterized by being dominated by negative emotions, such as sadness or melancholy. These individuals experience difficulties finding pleasurable sensations and constantly need to please others to seek acceptance from a group.

Manorexia, a new but dangerous disorder

Until a few years ago, anorexia had not been identified as an independent eating disorder. However, today it is typified and begins to be diagnosed with relative frequency, especially in adolescent populations.

Education is vital to avoid developing pathology of this type, but so are lifestyle habits. Excessive exposure to social networks or the media at an early age can be a trigger for a bad relationship with food, motivated by the search for an ideal physical state.

Similarly, it should note that faced with a problem like this. One must act quickly. Also, it is necessary to have a multidisciplinary team that attacks the root of the problem from different points of view. The later you start trying to solve it, the more likely it is to a sequel that will last a lifetime.

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